The Bargaining Model
Each organizational problem requires a specific allocation of resources. The bargaining model presumes that an organization is a cooperative, sometimes competitive, resource distributing system.
Decisions, problems and goals are more useful when shared by a greater number of people. Each decision-maker bargains with other groups for scarce resources which are vital in solving problems and meeting goals.
The overall outcome is a function of the particular strategies selected by the various decision-makers in their bargaining relationships. This model measures the ability of decision-makers to obtain and use resources for responding to problems important to them.
Each of the subsystems' needs should be evaluated from two focal points: efficiency and stress. Efficiency is an indication of the organization's ability to use its resources in responding to the most subsystems' needs. Stress is the tension produced by the system in fulfilling or not fulfilling its needs.