The Rational Goal Model
The rational goal approach focuses on the organization's ability to achieve its goals. An organization's goals are identified by establishing the general goal, discovering means or objectives for its accomplishment, and defining a set of activities for each objectives.
The organization is evaluated by comparing the activities accomplished with those planned for. These criteria are determined by various factors.
The Systems Resource Model
The systems resource model analyzes the decision-makers's capability to efficiently distribute resources among various subsystem's needs. The systems resources model defines the organization as a network of interrelated subsystems.
These subsystems needs may be classified as:
- bargaining position -ability of the organization to exploit its environment in acquisition of scarce and valued resources;
- ability of the systems' decision-makers to perceive, and correctly interpret, the real properties of the external environment;
- ability of the system to produce a certain specified output;
- maintenance of internal day-to-day activities;
- ability of the organization to co-ordinate relationships among the various subsystems;
- ability of the organization to respond to feedback regarding its effectiveness in the environment.
- ability of the organization to evaluate the effect of its decisions;
- ability of the organization' system to accomplish its goals.