Differences Between Strategic And Operational Control

The differences between strategic and operational control are highlighted by reference to a general definition of management control: "Management control is the set of measurement, analysis, and action decisions required for the timely management of the continuing operation of a process". This section discusses in the terms presented.


  • Strategic control requires data from more sources. The typical operational control problem uses data from very few sources.
  • Strategic control requires more data from external sources. Strategic decisions are normally taken with regard to the external environment as opposed to internal operating factors.
  • Strategic control are oriented to the future. This is in contrast to operational control decisions in which control data give rise to immediate decisions that have immediate impacts.
  • Strategic control is more concerned with measuring the accuracy of the decision premise. Operating decisions tend to be concerned with the quantitative value of certain outcomes.
  • Strategic control standards are based on external factors. Measurement standards for operating problems can be established fairly by past performance on similar products or by similar operations currently being performed.
  • Strategic control relies on variable reporting interval. The typical operating measurement is concerned with operations over some period of time: pieces per week, profit per quarter, and the like.

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The Evaluation And Control Of Organizational Strategy
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